TR 150In 1963 IWL replaced the SR 59with theTR 1501.Whereas thehad retailed for 2,300 Marks,the same price as aPittyin 1954,for theTroll1 the price was increased to 2,550 Marks.;TR; stands forstands for(;Ludwigsfelde touring scooter;),emphasising the longer journeys on which IWL scooters were now being ridden. The ;1; at the end evidently indicated that IWL hoped to develop a further model.However, in December 1962, during the1s development, theMinisterrat der DDR(;Council of Ministers of the GDR;) had announced that the factory would switch to making a new model ofIFAtruck.This decision may have acted as a disincentive to improve the1 from before the models launch in 1963 until the end of production in 1965.Both in Germany and in most of the European states to which IWL might have hoped to export scooters,trollsare known fromNorse mythologyandScandinavian folkloreas beings that are in many cases slow-witted, in some cases ugly, seldom friendly to humans and in a few cases inclined to kill and eat people. Why any vehicle maker would choose to name one of its models after such creatures is not clear.In 1962 MZ had introduced the ES 150 motorcycle, and the scooter version of its 143 cc engine supplied for the1 had its power increased to 9.5bhp.The rear chain runs in an oilbath in a patent MZ hard-rubber enclosure, which keeps oil in and dirt out and greatly prolongs chain life.IWL revised the bodywork, giving a tail unit like that of the Heinkelmodel A2and quickly detachable side panelslike aDürkopp.Each side panel is secured by a central bayonet lock and is simple to undo and light to remove,easing access to the engine, gearbox and rear chain.For the1, IWL reverted to a dualseat,perhaps because twin saddles were becoming dated. The1 had 160mm (6.3in) diameterdrum brakes:10mm (0.4in) bigger than on all previous IWL models.The1 hadindicatorsas a standard factory fitment. The front indicators are at the ends of the handlebars in a style that was becoming customary in both the BRD and the DDR at the time. In order to increase economies of scale IWL revised its scooter design to use other MZ ES 150 parts including the headlightnacelle,handlebars,front andrear shock absorbersandEarles front fork.This made the1 the first IWL scooter to have hydraulically damped front suspension.The front mudguard of thewould not fit with the Earles fork assembly, so IWL designed a new one to accommodate the movement of the front suspension. This necessitated a bulbous shape that was inconsistent with the improved styling of the tail unit.In 1964 East Germanys annual bookMotor Jahrcircumspectly observed;Diese Vorderradhaube liegt jetzt zwischen den Federbeinen, was vielleicht nicht jedermanns Geschmack trifft, aber deren gute Zugänglichkeit gewährleistet;. (;This front mudguard now lies between the shock absorbers, which perhaps does not meet everyones taste, but it ensures good access;.) However, in February 1963Der deutsche Straßenverkehrmagazine had been more outspoken:;Uns konnte diese ›Linie‹ nicht sonderlich begeistern, und wir beneiden das Institut für industrielle Formgebung keinesfalls um seine Mitarbeit;.(;These lines cannot particularly enthuse us, and we do not at all envy the Institute for Industrial Design in their collaboration.;).The main chassis member is a welded box-section frame.IWL scooters had a longwheelbaseand the1 was taller than its predecessors, which made the seating position more comfortable but made the machine more vulnerable to crosswinds.In March 1964Der deutsche Straßenverkehrstrongly criticised this shortcoming, but in the same yearMotor Jahrplayed it down by claiming;Die Seitenwindempfindlichkeit des „Troll“ liegt in normalen Grenzen. Er reagiert auf Seitenböen nicht anders als durchschnittliche Zweiradfahrzeuge und is deshalb trotz seiner etwas höheren Schwerpunktlage auch in solchen Situationen risikilos zu fahren.;s crosswind stability lies within normal limits. It reacts to side gusts no differently than average two-wheeled vehicles and therefore despite a somewhat higher centre of gravity it is safe to ride in such conditions.;) Customers were not fooled, and the1s crosswind instability damaged its reputation and was partly responsible for the model selling less well than its predecessors.At the end of 1965 IWL ended scooter production in order to switch to making IFA W 50 trucks. By the time scooter production ended, IWL had built a total of 56,513
- TROLL 1
- Orlando Auto Museum
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